Most common products to use in smudging is Palo Santo (Holy Wood) or White sage and for hundreds of years it has been considered a sacred, cleansing, purifying, protective way to clear negative energy/heavy energy.  After you light the sage/Palo Santo, do not stop it from burning.  The spirit of these products knows how much negativity or heaviness needs to released and will burn accordingly.  If you feel you are done burning, place the wand or stick in a fireproof bowl and allow the sage/Palo Santo to cease burning, naturally.  If you watch the smoke, sometimes it will drift to a particular part of the room/space, that is where the healing/protection energy is most needed.

Be safe and keep the air still as possible when you are smudging.  

Sage – Light the sage at the very tips of the leaves.  Once the flames come to life, blow them out quickly. Do not let it flame burn.  Once it lit, and the flame is blown out, it will smoke.  You can then place it down inside your heatproof bowl resting the unburnt end on the edge of the bowl.  Use your hand, a small piece of cardboard or a feather to waft the smoke.

Palo Santo – Ignite your Palo Santo and hold at about 45 degree angle pointing the tip down towards the flame.  Allow to burn for about 30secs to 1 minute and then blow out.  Move around your space/room to clear the energy.  The rich smell will also bring peace and clarity to the moment along with good feelings.  When finished, place the stick on a fire proof bowl of metal, glass or clay.  The glow will end on its own unless you blow on the ember which will keep the smoke going.  Always use caution and respect when working with fire.

Set you intention.  As you work with sage to cleanse I suggest you repeat a mantra to reminds the energies that you are releasing all energy that is unwelcome or heavy and ask it to leave.  “I release all energies that no longer serve me to be released from me and this space and into the divine light.  You no longer have nor hold power here.  Loving and peaceful energy is welcome and invited in now.  This is my sacred space, and anything that no longer serves me is released with this sacred smoke”